|Chances of a High School Athlete playing College Sports||
What are the chances of a high school athlete making the transition to the college level? We compared the total number of athletes participating in sports at US high schools nationwide to the number participating in college and arrived at the following percentages:
|High School||College||% competing|
|School Sponsored Sport||Boys||Men||in College *|
|Swimming & Diving||133,823||10,304||7.7%|
|Track & Field (excl x-country)||645,513||45,218||7.0%|
|Total Athletes Participating||4,476,156||341,383||7.6%|
|Cheerleading & Drill Teams **||3,981||n/a|
|Totals: 2011-2012 School Year||4,484,987||341,588|
|The following are the chances of high school girls competing at the college level by sport:|
|High School||College||% competing|
|School Sponsored Sport||Girls||Women||in College *|
|Beach / Sand Volleyball||n/a||245||n/m|
|Swimming & Diving||160,456||13,078||8.2%|
|Track & Field (excl x-country)||529,200||45,529||8.6%|
|Total Athletes Participating||3,067,100||245,981||8.0%|
|Cheerleading & Drill Teams **||137,089||n/a|
|Totals: 2011-2012 school Year||3,207,533||246,162|
|* Participants are from
school years beginning in 2011 and ending in 2012. These percentages contain numerous
caveats: the number of participants at the high school level does
not include high school age athletes who don't play on a high
school team, but compete on club, travel and similar teams. So for
sports such as high school football that have a large number of high
school participants and a relatively small number of travel teams, these
percentages are a pretty good indication of a high school athlete's
chances of playing at the college level.
However for sports with numerous travel teams (soccer, basketball, etc.) the numbers become more of a challenge. For sports with limited high school participation (rowing, fencing, etc.) the numbers are likely not very meaningful at all. Additionally, these numbers are from participation at the U.S. high school level only; may foreign student athletes compete on U.S. college varsity teams, and may or may not be reflected as high school participants. Accordingly, this may result in computed chances for many sports that are artificially high.
For example, the chances of a female being able to participate on a college rowing team looks like an absolute lock in that there are substantially more college athletes participating than at the high school level. However the competition to get on a college varsity team is much tougher than indicated above; most high schools don't sponsor rowing teams, so most teenage rowers compete on local clubs that are not reflected in the high school data. Additionally talented high school athletes who end up not being recruited in their primary sport (say basketball or volleyball) may instead focus on competing in another sport such as rowing. So for many if not most sports, the chances are likely more difficult than presented above.
However in certain other sports, the chances might actually be better than presented above. For example, a high school baseball player may also be a talented multi sport athlete who receives a full scholarship for playing football and opts to forego college baseball. The percentage of multi-sport athletes is significantly higher at the high school level than in college. Additionally, a very talented high school baseball player may elect to forego college entirely and go directly to a professional minor league team. Other factors may improve the chances to some extent, including the fact that a significant number of high school athletes simply do not attend college.
These chances are based on participating at a college sport at any level - the chances of a high school athlete competing at the NCAA Division I level are much lower than the same athlete's chances of playing at the NCAA Division III or NAIA level - see our page on the chances of playing college sports by division for more information.
** Competitive cheer teams are not included in the collegiate participants above, although many advocates of these programs believe that at some point competitive cheer will attain the legal status of a varsity college sport. However, a 2010 federal court decision gave this movement at least a temporary set back in holding that participation in collegiate competitive cheer programs cannot count towards fulfilling a school's compliance with Title IX. Some colleges do sponsor varsity level competitive cheer/dance programs, however we have not currently compiled this data.
Statistics for both High School and College athletes above report participation on school sponsored varsity, JV and freshman teams, and do not reflect club, travel and/or intramural sports teams.
Statistical information on college athletic scholarships
and student athlete participation at the collegiate level.
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